something you can do as an extension to your farming
activities.It involves keeping bees to get honey and wax
as a final product.
I earn? (gross,
more the number of bees you keep, the more the
quantity of honey produced and hence more the profit.
the market for it?
Honey and wax have the potential of being sold at a
local haat(market) as well as in the national market because of
their demand in the household as well as the industrial
(raw materials, skills, technology)
A little bit of space, a queen bee and some flowers
Your family can run this business.
But you can have a larger farm by adding as you go.
(training, tech. support, loans, raw material, and
See Manual For Details
The enterprise is based on the conversion of nectar of
flowers into honey by the honeybees. The worker honeybee
collect the nectar from the flowers over a period of
time and convert it into edible honey. The honeybees
store the final product in the combs of the hive. The
conversion of nectar into honey by the honeybees is by a
biological process. The harvesting of honey from the
forest has been in practice since long and huge profits
from this enterprise promoted rearing bees in the farms.
In the recent past this practise has been adopted
gradually by rural communities while diversifying their
The products of be keeping are honey and wax. These are
the sources of income from local market and can be
marketed from the local haat to a big market. Honey has
been used extensively by the pharmaceutical and cosmetic
companies as an ingredient of medicines and cosmetic.
Most of the medicines of ayurveda are honey based. Honey
is also used as an astringent. Even at an household
level ,honey is consumed daily due to its medicinal
properties as has been recommended in the traditional
medicinal system. It is also considered beneficial for
diabetic patients. Wax is another product from this
enterprise which has a flourishing rural market due to
its different uses.
Production of honey from farmlands can be a secondary
activity for farmers as it requires less time as
compared with other activities and can be carried out by
women and children in a house.
can be initiated by individuals or groups .It requires
limited capital and minimum dependence on foreign
technology. Its manufacturing process is described below
/ MANUFACTURING PROCESS
is a delicious and highly nutritious food .By the
traditional methods of honey hunting , many wild
colonies of bees are destroyed .This can be prevented by
raising bees in boxes producing honey at home.
Following preparations are required for starting
is a simple long box covered with a number of slats on
top. The rough measurements of the box should be around
100 cm of length , 45 cm of width and 25 cm in height.
The box should be 2 cm thick and the hive must be glued
and screwed together with entrance holes of 1 cm wide.
The slats (top bars ) must be as long as the hive is
wide in order to fit across and the thickness of about
1.5 cm is sufficient to support a heavy honey comb. The
width of 3.3 cm needs to be given to give the bees the
natural spacing they need to easily build one comb to
each separate top bar.
It is the second important piece of equipment. This can
be made from a small tin .We use the smoker to protect
ourselves from bee stings and to control the bees.
to protect our eyes and nose from stings at the time of
work near the apiary.
It is used to loosen the top bars and to cut of the
sweep the bees from the comb.
from sunlight is important in order to maintain an
optimum temperature in the hive, also care should be
taken to prevent against overcrowding and drought by
taking suitable in order to make this enterprise
sucessful. Apart from this , there are pests like ants ,
bee pirates (a kind of wasp ) , wax moth , honey badger
, spiders and large hive beetles which also attack honey
combs over a period of time so it is necessary to take
adequate protection against them
Prepare a home for the bees by taking a single longer
box covered by a number of slats . this is called the
Before putting a swarm or even a colony in a prepared
hive ,it would be beneficial to make the hive smell
familiar by rubbing old brown comb pieces.
Capture the Queen bee from a natural swarm hanging from
a tree into a match box.
Place the queen under a hive and let it spread its
special scent to attract the other bees and then place
the swarm into the hive.
Feed the hived swarm for a few weeks by diluting a half
cup of white sugar in half a cup of hot water as this
will also help in building the comb along with the bars
Harvest the honey by smoking the bees off the parts
which needs to be harvested and cut the combs carefully.
Harvests are normally possible during and shortly after
the two main flowering seasons , namely October/November
and February-June .A ripe comb is light in colour and
filled with honey. More than half of the honey cells on
both the sides are sealed with wax.
A beekeeper need not own land to realise a cash crop
from this part time rural enterprise . Honey and beeswax
can be produced from an area of little agricultural
value The Honey bee does not compete for resources with
any other agricultural enterprise. Beekeeping can be
initiated by either individuals or groups. It allows the
farmer to earn additional income to support his family.
the unit proposed can be set up at the household level ,
with no major investment ,no legal formalities are
required for setting up the unit.
has positive ecological consequences .Bees play an
important role in the pollination of many flowering
plants , thus increasing the yield of certain crops such
as beans, melons, sunflowers and various fruits. Honey
is a delicious and highly nutritious food. By the
traditional method of honey hunting many wild colonies
of bees are destroyed .This can be prevented by raising
bees in boxes and producing honey at home.